Recurring Deposit: Meaning, Eligibility, Interest Rate, Documents, Types of RD

Manish Kothari
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Manish Kothari

What is Recurring Deposit 

An Recurring Deposit is a special type of term deposit offered by the banks and post office which lets people deposit a specific amount every month into their RD account and earn returns at the rates offered for FDs. It is similar to initiating an FD of a specific amount in monthly installments. This scheme matures on a specific future date along with all the deposit amounts made every month. This scheme allows individuals an opportunity to build up their savings through regular monthly deposits of a fixed amount over a fixed tenure. The minimum tenure for an RD is generally 6 months and the maximum varies from institution to institution. RDs can be funded by standing mandates which are the orders by depositors to the bank to withdraw a specific amount from their current/saving account and credit to the recurring deposit account.

How RDs Work ?

One can consider RDs as one of the simplest forms of investment. Let’s take an illustration for better understanding. 

Let us assume that X wants to invest Rs 1,000 per month. He/she can either walk into any branch of a bank or post office or open an account online. If one opts to deposit Rs 1000 every month for a tenure of  12 months, then he/she will get a sum of Rs. 12,000 along with the accumulated interest at the maturity of the RD.

The depositors can plan to save for their future financial goals by using RDs. For instance, if one requires a lump-sum amount of Rs 1,00,000 after 1 year. Therefore, he/she can save around Rs. 8000 each month and make a deposit into the RD account. This way he/she will also earn interest on the amount.

WHY Recurring Deposit (RD) ?

Higher rate of interest than savings account:

Interest rates here are identical to the interest rates offered in the fixed deposits. And generally, it is observed that RD fetches a higher return when compared to saving bank accounts. 

Flexibility to invest on a monthly basis:

Unlike Fixed Deposits, investors can go for regular deposits. This is ideal for those who do not have a big amount of funds with them but have the capacity to save a decent amount of money regularly.

Guaranteed Returns:

RD is one of the safest investment options available. Since the market is not linked, a disturbance in the economy won’t affect the depositor’s returns. They will receive a profit on the rate promised to them at the time of initiating the RD. However, some of the RDs with lower-rated financial institutions & banks can be risky and therefore depositors must give attention to the credit ratings of institutions before making a deposit.

Short deposit tenure:

Investing in an RD gives one the option to go for a shorter duration. This leads to better liquidity and is ideal for those who want to target their short-term goals efficiently.


Any Individual

Any minor (above the age of 10 years) is eligible to initiate an RD, provided he submits the proof of name.

Any minor (of the age 10 years or less) can initiate an RD under the guardianship of a legal or natural guardian.

Any Company, Corporate, Govt Organization, Proprietorship, or Commercial Organization is eligible to open an RD account.

Minimum AmountRs.10 (varies across banks)
Tenure Starts from 6 months till 10 years
Interest rateBetween 3.5% to 7.5% (varies across banks and tenures)
Partial or Mid-term withdrawal Not allowed
Premature closureAllowed with penalty
Frequency of interest CalculationUsually every quarter

Documents Required

  1. Identity proof: PAN/Aadhar/License
  2. Duly filled and signed application form of the bank
  3. KYC documents (if needed)
  4. Passport size photograph

Key Features 

Deposit Term:

The minimum tenure starts at 6 months. One can choose a suitable tenure according to the convenience stretching up to 10 years. 

Interest Rate:

The returns offered here are always more than the savings bank account. The interest rates are also identical to that of FDs.

Minimum Investment:

The minimum investment amount differs from bank to bank. One can open this account with an amount as mere as Rs. 10.

Withdrawal on maturity:

Withdrawal from RDs is allowed only after it attains maturity. However, if one chooses to withdraw the amount before the maturity tenure, it attracts a penalty.

Loan against deposit: The depositor is also offered an option to avail of a loan against the RD. Banks may allow up to 95% of the deposit amount as a loan against the deposit to be used as security/collateral.

Standing instructions for monthly deposits:

If one finds it inconvenient to deposit the amount periodically, banks also facilitate such payments as deductions from a linked account (current or saving) upon standing mandate or instructions.

Also Read : Canara Bank FD Interest Rates

TYPES OF Recurring Deposit

Apart from the regular RDs that one can invest in to earn returns and grow the corpus, RDs are also available in other types, ideal for different investors. Let’s have a look.

Recurring Deposit for Senior Citizens:

The scheme for senior citizens brings higher returns than regular accounts. The interest is compounded quarterly as per the applicable returns, thus facilitating senior citizens to withdraw a higher maturity corpus and meet their short-term funding needs efficiently in the absence of a regular source of income.

Generally, the additional returns offered by various institutions on the senior citizen RD scheme range between 0.25% and 0.75% p.a. above the regular rates.

Recurring Deposit for NRI/NRE:

RD schemes are one of the best investment options for Non-Resident Indians i.e. NRIs. Decent returns through investment can be generated with a small recurring deposit every month. As an NRI, one can invest in RDs either through an NRO or NRE RD account.

Flexi RD:

These schemes allow an individual to invest a flexible amount as per one’s convenience. In this type of deposit, while the core investment amount is pre-decided, the depositor has an option to deposit amounts in multiples of the core principal amount.

Also Read : Punjab National Bank FD Interest Rates

Rates Across Top Banks And Post Office

HDFC 3.50% - 6.50%6 months to 10 years
ICICI3.50% - 6.60%6 months to 10 years
SBI5.10% - 6.90%12 months to 10 years
Allahabad Bank4.40% - 6.15%6 months to 10 years
Axis Bank4.40% - 7.25%6 months to 10 years
Bank of Baroda4.30% - 6.10%6 months to 10 years
Bank of India4.75% - 7.25%6 months to 10 years
Canara Bank4.45% - 7.50%6 months to 10 years
Central Bank of India 4.25% - 6.50%6 months to 10 years
CitiBank2.75% - 7.25%12 months to 24 months
Federal Bank4.00% - 7.00%6 months to 10 years
IDBI Bank5.35% - 5.80%1 to 10 years
IndusInd Bank5.75% - 6.90%9 months to 61 months & above
Kotak Mahindra Bank4.40% - 7.00%6 months to 10 years
Post Office6..70%5 years
PNB4.40% - 7.00%6 months to 10 years
Union Bank 4.50% - 6.70%6 months to 10 years
Yes Bank5.50% - 6.75%6 months to 10 years

Taxation of Recurring Deposit

Just like an FD scheme, returns earned on an RD deposit are added to the annual income of the investor. This income goes to the ‘Income from Other Sources’ head and is fully taxable as per the applicable income tax slab rate.

No tax is levied if income earned from bank or post office deposits amounts to Rs. 40,000 or less. But if it goes beyond the Rs. 40,000 limit, banks charge 10% as Tax Deducted at Source i.e. TDS.

Also Read : Axis Bank FD Interest Rates

PREMATURE Withdrawal of Recurring Deposit

If the depositor withdraws the amount before it matures, the rate of return will be the one applicable to the period for which the deposit has remained with the institution. Generally, for premature withdrawals in RDs, a 1% penalty will also be levied.

However, some institutions would deduct a penalty of 1% to 2% from the applicable interest rate for the period during which the deposit remained in the bank in case of premature withdrawals.

Generally, the minimum lock-in period for a Recurring Deposit account is 3 months. If a premature withdrawal is made before this period, the depositor would earn zero interest and only the principal amount that was deposited would be refunded to him/her by the bank.

In addition to a penalty on interest, the depositor is not eligible for incentives offered by the bank on the RD.

More Information:

Shriram Transport FD Rates

Mahindra Finance FD Rates

Understand the Difference Between FD and RD
Kisan Vikas Patra Interest Rate
Post Office Saving Schemes
SBI FD Interest Rates Online

Comments (2)


Nate Drake


The Recurring Deposit scheme is one of the best and a secured investment plan in which there is a guaranteed return on the investment. The principal and interest on the Shriram Office Recurring Deposit are absolutely guaranteed. https://www.stfc.in/recurring-deposit/interest-rates Recurring Deposit is the safest investment option provided by many Finance companies.


Nate Drake


<p>The Recurring Deposit scheme is one of the best and a secured investment plan in which there is a guaranteed return on the investment. The principal and interest on the Shriram Office <a href="https://www.stfc.in/recurring-deposit/interest-rates ">Recurring Deposit</a> are absolutely guaranteed. Recurring Deposit is the safest investment option provided by many Finance companies.</p>

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